Drug Abuse in Scripture and Other extra-Biblical Writings
BABYLON THE GREAT
A Magical Love Philtre
(i) Literally - the Temple of Magic through drugs media
Confer New English Translation (NET Bible) at the Exodus 22:18 footnote = ‘drugs for occult purposes’ from the Hebrew כּשׁף kashŠph = φαρμακεία pharmakeia in the LXX
(ii) Metaphorically - the poison, addictions and sorcery of false religious teaching
Confer 2 Thessalonian 2:1-10 The Great Apostasy
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Illustrated Fourth Edition - with Scripture Quick Links
An elucidation of
Revelation 17:5 / 18:23
Φαρμακεία pharmakeia ‘Drug Magic’
in the literal and metaphorical terms from
Hastings’ Dictionary of the Apostolic Church (1915) Article ‘Sorcery’
vol. 2 p.520 =
Poisoning - A Magical Love Philtre
James Hastings M.A. D.D. 1852-1922
The Expositors Greek Testament (1910) vol. 5 p.461
A Commentary on the Greek Text of
Rev 18:23 KJV - NT Greek TR
Φαρμακεία pharmakeia ‘Drug Magic’ =
The Black Arts both Figuratively and Literally
Cf Rev 18:23 KJV (Babylon the Great) NT Greek TR
Nicoll, W. Robertson (William Robertson), Sir, 1851-1923
The academics of the Cambridge Greek Testament (vol. Galatians ‘Notes’ p.124) point out the connection of such sorcery (Lat. venificia from venefica ‘a drug witch’) with the φαρμακεία pharmak(e)ia, the ‘drug magic’ or ‘enchantments’ of Exodus 7:11 al. whereby the Egyptian magicians - in the translation Greek of the LXX, the φαρμακεύς pharmakťus, literally the ‘drug magicians’, an esoteric priest cult of Pharaohs’ Court - performed there wonders. See also Revelation 9:21, 21:8, 22:15, 18:23. plus Concordance.
The same ancient Greek is used of the corresponding Nineveh in the LXX Nahum 3:4 and of the Idolatrous (the corresponding Babylonian world term remnant) in the New Testament:
‘That repented not of their murders , nor of their sorceries (φαρμακεία pharmakeia, ‘drug enchantments’) nor of their fornication’ - in the original Greek πορνείας porneias ‘harlotry’, ‘pornography’, ‘adulteries’ [both literal and Spiritual].
Cf. Revelation 9:21, 18:3, 23.
See also Isaiah 47:1-15, the ‘Lament over Babylon’ where again ‘sorcery’ = כשף kash„ph and φαρμακεία pharmakeia in the Hebrew and Greek versions.
For a further exegesis of Babylon the Great in both the literal and metaphorical terms
FREE eBOOK Drug Abuse in Scripture.
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